Print Page Share & Print

Bulgaria

The most important sectors of Bulgaria’s economy are industry, wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services, public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities.

The economic crisis resulted in a fall in employment between 2008 and 2013, and by 2025 it is projected that employment will still not have recovered its pre-2008 level. Many job losses were in the construction and manufacturing sectors, but employment in business and other services increased slightly over the same period. Future employment growth in Bulgaria to 2025 will be concentrated in this sector, with many job opportunities found in elementary occupations.

In the period to 2025, Bulgaria can expect to experience a decrease in demand for high and medium-skilled workers, whilst demand for low-skilled workers will increase markedly. In the same period, the share of Bulgaria’s labour force with high level qualifications is projected to rise, and the share of the labour force with medium level, low level or no qualifications to fall.

Bulgaria’s working-age population (15-64) is expected to fall by 2025, although rates of labour market participation will remain around the same level. Over the coming decades, Bulgaria is expected to develop one of the larger old-age dependency ratios in the EU28.

Future employment growth (in %) in Bulgaria in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Bulgaria was 67.12% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Bulgaria changed by 2.25% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Bulgaria in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 19.71%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 17.15%
  • Public administration & defence 7.40% 
  • Construction 7.06%
  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 6.86% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Bulgaria in 2015:  

  • Sales workers 10.14%
  • Drivers & mobile plant operators 7.22%
  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 4.74% 
  • Personal service workers 4.68%
  • Stationary plant & machine operators 4.48%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Bulgaria:

  • Administrative & support activities 24.01%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 18.17%
  • Human health & social work activities 12.20% 
  • Accommodation & food service activities 8.50% 
  • Information & communication activities 7.10% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Bulgaria over the period 2015-2025:

  • Skilled agricultural workers 173,646
  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 115,638
  • Drivers & mobile plant operators 103,288
  • Protective services workers 93,060
  • Sales workers 90,035

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Bulgaria (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Bulgaria (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Bulgaria (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Bulgaria compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE