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Czech Republic

A particular strength of the Czech economy has been its strong electrical engineering and automotive industries, which have benefited from foreign direct investment and the strong supply of workers with technical qualifications. The 2008 recession had an adverse impact on the manufacturing sector (although the service sector proved to be much more resilient); however the sector has since been able to recover much of the loss in employment and remains a particular strength of the Czech economy.

Looking to the future, employment is projected to rise steadily over the period to 2025 but remain below its 2008 pre-crisis level. Most employment growth will be in business and other services, and most job opportunities will be for professionals.               

The Czech Republic is expected to experience an increase in demand for highly skilled workers over the period to 2025, whilst demand for medium- and low-skilledlow-skilled workers will decrease. Meanwhile, the share of the Czech Republic’s labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increasein the same period, and the share of workers with medium, low or no qualifications to decrease.

The Czech Republic’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to grow by a small amount over the medium-term future, whilst labour market participation is predicted to fall but to remain at a higher level than the EU average. Looking to the longer-term future, over the coming decades the Czech Republic is expected to have an old-age dependency ratio similar to, or slightly lower than, the EU28 average.

Future employment growth (in %) in Czech Republic in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Czech Republic was 74.83% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Czech Republic changed by 3.47% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Czech Republic in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 27.31%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 12.21%
  • Construction 7.85% 
  • Health & social care 6.97%
  • Education 6.40% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Czech Republic in 2015:  

  • Office associate professionals 7.42%
  • Metal & machinery workers 6.70%
  • Drivers & vehicle operators 6.58% 
  • Sales workers 6.40%
  • Science & engineering technicians 5.59%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Czech Republic:

  • Finance & insurance 16.36%
  • Administrative services 16.15%
  • Health & social care 11.32% 
  • ICT services 8.47% 
  • Wholesale & retail trade 5.73% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Czech Republic over the period 2015-2025:

  • Office associate professionals 218,262
  • Science & engineering technicians 138,490
  • Legal & social associate professionals 129,745
  • Drivers & vehicle operators 116,099
  • Metal & machinery workers 86,800

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Czech Republic (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Czech Republic (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Czech Republic (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Czech Republic compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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