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Construction workers

Workers in this occupation construct, maintain and repair buildings (residential, commercial, and other). Their jobs involve, for example: constructing and repairing foundations, walls and structures of brick, stone and similar materials; cutting, shaping and finishing stone for building, ornamental and other purposes, as well as wooden structures and fittings; and general building maintenance tasks. Occupations include, amongst others, house builders, stonemasons, carpenters and joiners, roofers, plasterers, plumbers, floor layers and tile setters, glaziers, and painters. Typically the skill level required is equivalent to completed first stage of secondary education, but in some jobs, completion of the second stage of secondary education that includes specialized vocational education and on-the-job training is required.

Read more about this occupation in our Analytical highlight.

Future employment growth (in %) of construction workers across countries in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

In 2015, construction workers accounted for 3.89% in the total employment in EU.

The total employment in this occupation reached 8,593,145.

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015, the number of people employed as construction workers in EU changed by -5.66%.

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by sector and occupation

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector and occupation.

In 2015, construction workers were mostly employed in the following sectors in the EU:

  • Construction (6,493,170)
  • Manufacturing (830,807)
  • Wholesale & retail trade (236,209) 
  • Administrative services (214,696)
  • Public sector & defence (170,076)

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Countries with highest employment share of construction workers in 2015:

  • Poland (5.32%)
  • Estonia (5.23%)
  • Czech Republic (5.06%)
  • Belgium (4.86%)
  • Romania (4.70%)

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

In the period 2015-2025, employment for construction workers in EU is projected to change by 3.28%

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment of construction workers in EU in 2015 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by sector and occupation

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector and occupation.

Employment share (%) of construction workers across countries

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Employment of construction workers in EU in 2015 by education level

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Employment of construction workers in EU in 2015 by age

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

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