Craft and related trades workers apply specific knowledge and skills to: construct and maintain buildings; form metal; erect metal structures; set machine tools, or make, fit, maintain and repair machinery, equipment or tools; carry out printing work; produce or process foodstuffs; and produce or process textiles, wooden, metal and other articles. The work is carried out by hand and by hand-powered and other tools, which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks as well as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an understanding of all stages of the production process, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final product. Most occupations require completion of the first stage of secondary education, but many jobs will require the completion of the second stage of secondary education, which may include a significant component of specialised vocational education and on-the-job training. Some occupations require completion of vocation-specific education, undertaken after completion of secondary education. In some cases, experience and on-the-job training may substitute for formal education. Jobs classified as craft and related trades include: bricklayers; joiners and carpenters, plumbers, sheet and structural metal workers, moulders and welders, and related workers; toolmakers; blacksmiths; printers, electrical equipment installers and repairers; electronics mechanics and servicers; food processing and related trades workers; underwater divers, etc.
SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT
In 2015, craft and related trades workers accounted for 11.68% in the total employment in EU.
The total employment in this occupation reached 25,788,158.
During the period 2011-2015, the number of people employed as craft and related trades workers in EU changed by -1.63%.
It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector and occupation.
In 2015, craft and related trades workers were mostly employed in the following sectors in the EU:
- Manufacturing (10,553,048)
- Construction (8,419,963)
- Wholesale & retail trade (3,016,625)
- Arts, recreation, and other activities (521,407)
- Administrative & support activities (443,825)
Countries with highest employment share of craft and related trades workers in 2015:
- Czech Republic (17.18%)
- Romania (15.86%)
- Slovakia (15.74%)
- Hungary (15.05%)
- Poland (14.78%)
LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE
Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).
In the period 2015-2025, employment for craft and related trades workers in EU is projected to change by -8.28%.