Indicator shows the percentage of jobs for which foundation skills (literacy, numeracy, ICT, foreign languages) are very important for doing the job. Based on results of Cedefop's European skills and jobs survey. Respondents were asked to indicate the highest level of literacy, numeracy, ICT and foreign language skills needed for doing their job. The indicator highlights the share of EU28 employees who said that in their jobs:

  • advanced levels of literacy (e.g. Writing long documents such as long reports, handbooks, articles or books) or numeracy (e.g. Calculations using advanced mathematical or statistical procedures) are required;
  • moderate (e.g. Word-processing, using or creating documents and/or spreadsheets) or "advanced" (e.g. Developing software, applications or programming; use computer syntax or statistical analysis packages) levels of ICT are required;
  • foreign language skills are essential.

Foundation skills are a minimum requirement so that individuals can survive and progress in an international ‘knowledge-based’ economy and society. Higher-skilled jobs will typically comprise of tasks that require a higher level of foundation skills to be performed. Although the indicator identifies only jobs in which foundation skills are required at a very high level, circa 80-90% of EU28 jobs require at least a basic level of foundation skills.