With a new European Commission about to start its mandate, the political playing field in Europe is changing. However, youth unemployment at 14.3 % in the EU-28 and above 40 % in numerous regions remains a mayor economic and societal challenge. The legacy of President Juncker to restore youth employment rates to the numbers before the financial crisis has not been fulfilled, while part-time, short-term contracts or precarious jobs are on the rise. More than one out of five youngsters in the EU is struggling with the transition from education to work, without much security and predictability for the future work life. What has been done, and more importantly, what needs to be done to address this remaining challenge in a more efficient way in the near future?