Find here key and commonly used skills-related terms and concepts with their definitions.


Gap (skills gap)

Situation where the type of skills of people do not match the requirements of the job or the level of skills is less than the level required to perform the tasks associated with the job satisfactorily

Governance of skills anticipation and matching system

Governance of a skills anticipation and matching system refers to the process of involvement of stakeholders from the public, private and third sector, and from different economic sectors and geographical units, in generating, transmitting and using skills intelligence for implementing and steering education and training policies. It is comprised of formal or ad hoc institutional bodies, incentive and financing structures and other procedures in place for steering education and training provision and assuring the quality of training in accordance with available skills intelligence. It comprises a negotiation perspective, which represents the needs of the education system and of the labour market from a short-term, medium-term and long-term perspective. The governance system covers a wide range of issues related to skills anticipation and matching, including skill needs at the entry point into the labour market; the utilisation of workers’ skills in the labour market; and future skill supply and skill demand trends to support the transformation of the labour market and the employability of the workforce in a life cycle perspective.