Report by the French Centre for Research on Education, Training and Emloyment "Ministry of Labour qualifications tested in the field".

The French certification system is complex. Compared with other European countries, one of its specific features is that it is largely state regulated. Many ministries play a part in it. Existing alongside the qualifications awarded within the national education system and the burgeoning system of sectoral qualifications, the vocational qualifications issued by the Ministry of Labour now have the wind in their sails. The number of people obtaining such qualifications has doubled in 10 years. Well recognised by employers, these qualifications are a good passport into employment. Their modular design makes them precursors of units of competence.