In early 2016 around 1 287 800 people of working age with a place of birth abroad lived in Austria; this corresponded to 22% of the total population of working age (15 to 64 years). Some 42% of the migrants of working age were born in EU/EEA states, mainly in Germany, Romania and Hungary or Switzerland. Slightly below 58% were born in third countries, such as Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Due to refugee movements in recent years, immigration of people of working age from third countries, especially from Syria and Afghanistan, has risen strongly.
In terms of education level, migrants were clearly overrepresented in both the highest and the lowest categories in 2015; the share of the low-qualified and also the proportion of higher education graduates were higher than among Austrians. Among second-generation migrants, the education level approximated that of people without a migration background.