The present study is intended to provide an overview of the supply of apprenticeshiptype schemes in the EU Member States. For this purpose, the study discusses the effectiveness of these schemes in raising employability and facilitating labour market transitions of apprentices in the EU. Also, the study provides a number of recommendations for improving the functioning and performance of this type of VET schemes.

Concept of apprenticeship used in the context of this study

“Apprenticeship-type schemes” are understood in the context of this study as those forms of Initial Vocational Education and Training (IVET) that formally combine and alternate company based training (periods of practical work experience at a workplace) with school based education (periods of theoretical/practical education followed in a school or training centre), and whose successful completion leads to nationally recognised initial VET certification degrees. This definition makes no explicit reference to the existence of a contractual direct relationship between the employer and the apprentice.