However, the difficult economic context casts its shadow on the financing of education and training. The Commission has called on Member States repeatedly to give priority to growthfriendly expenditure. In July 2013, 17 Member States were given a country-specific recommendation, urging them to pursue growth-friendly fiscal policies. In practice, however, spending on education and training, a growth-enhancing mechanism by design, is decreasing or stagnating. This is particularly worrying as it puts at risk Europe's return to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. After all, world-class education and training requires investing substantial resources.