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Croatia

Although most employment is in the services sector, the manufacturing sector also accounts for a relatively large share of employment in Croatia - including industries such as shipbuilding, food processing, pharmaceuticals, timber etc. The economy is undergoing a restructuring process - characterised by sectoral shifts in employment, the privatisation of some public services, and public sector reform – all of which affect the demand for employment and skills.

Over the period to 2025, employment is projected to remain around its 2008 pre-crisis level, with most employment growth in construction and business and other services. Most job opportunities opening over this period will be in elementary occupations.

In the medium-term future, Croatia is forecast to experience an increase in demand for high- and low-skilled workers, and an increase in demand for medium-skilled workers to a lesser extent. Meanwhile, the share of Croatia’s labour force with high or medium level qualifications is projected to riseby 2025, whilst the share of workers with low or no qualifications decreases.

Croatia’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to decline in the period to 2025, with labour market participation set to increase but remain below the EU28 average. Looking to the future, Croatia’s old-age dependency ratio is expected to rise, passing the EU average by 2060. 

Future employment growth (in %) in Croatia in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Croatia was 60.50% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to -2.18% in Croatia .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Croatia in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 16.74%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 14.17%
  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 9.16% 
  • Education 7.46%
  • Public sector & defence 6.96% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Croatia in 2015:  

  • Sales workers 8.46%
  • Personal service workers 6.69%
  • Farmworkers and gardeners 5.84% 
  • Office associate professionals 5.53%
  • Teaching professionals 5.46%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Croatia:

  • Accommodation & food 28.29%
  • ICT services 27.46%
  • Arts & recreation 24.50% 
  • Health & social care 20.59% 
  • Construction 20.14% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Croatia over the period 2015-2025:

  • Office associate professionals 101,522
  • Teaching professionals 93,705
  • Construction workers 55,334
  • Farmworkers and gardeners 49,921
  • Personal service workers 49,541

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Croatia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Croatia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Croatia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Croatia compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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