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Estonia

Food, chemicals, electronics, and construction are important sectors in the Estonian economy, with oil shale mining also an important activity. Estonia is facing population decline, but this has been counterbalanced by increasing levels of economic activity in the working-age population. Education has traditionally been highly valued in Estonia, with the population attaining relatively high levels of education compared with the EU average. In general, tertiary level education is valued higher than vocational education and training.

Whilst employment is projected to rise, it will remain below its 2008 pre-crisis level over the period to 2025. Most employment growth will be in business and other services, and most job opportunities over this period will be for professionals.

In the period to 2025, Estonia is forecast to experience a decrease in demand for all skills profiles (high, low and medium). Meanwhile the share of Estonia’s labour force with high and low level qualifications is projected to rise in the same period, whilst the share of workers with medium level qualifications will decline.

Estonia’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to decrease in the period to 2025, with labour market participation also declining, although it is expected to remain above the EU28 average. Looking to the longer-term future, Estonia is expected to have an old-age dependency ratio close to the EU28 average. 

Future employment growth (in %) in Estonia in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Estonia was 76.50% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Estonia changed by 6.25% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Estonia in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 18.82%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 13.09%
  • Construction 9.65% 
  • Education 9.46%
  • Transport & storage 7.28% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Estonia in 2015:  

  • Technical managers 6.31%
  • Drivers & vehicle operators 6.20%
  • Sales workers 5.79% 
  • Teaching professionals 5.54%
  • Construction workers 5.23%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Estonia:

  • Professional services 9.13%
  • ICT services 8.55%
  • Accommodation & food 5.83% 
  • Administrative services 5.38% 
  • Arts & recreation 4.50% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Estonia over the period 2015-2025:

  • Office associate professionals 25,784
  • Teaching professionals 23,162
  • Drivers & vehicle operators 18,694
  • Office professionals 18,455
  • Cleaners and helpers 17,983

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Estonia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Estonia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Estonia (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Estonia compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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