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France

France has one of the largest economies in the world and the second largest in the EU. Manufacturing, financial services, banking, and insurance are all important sectors in the French economy, with some of the world’s leading multinationals based in the country. Educational attainment plays a decisive role when entering the labour market for the first time; the employment prospects of post-secondary and tertiary education graduates are markedly better than those of young people with lower levels of educational attainment.

Looking to the future, employment levels have already reached their pre-2008 financial crisis levels. Over the period to 2025, employment growth will be strongest in business and other services, with most job opportunities being for professionals.

In the period to 2025, France is forecast to experience an increase in demand for high- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers will decrease. Meanwhile, the share of the labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increase over the period to 2025, whilst the share of workers with medium, low or no qualifications will fall concurrently.

France’s working-age population (15-64) is expected to grow in the period to 2025, with labour market participation set to remain at a lower level than the projected EU average. Looking to the longer-term future, France is expected to have a lower old-age dependency ratio than the EU28 average.

Future employment growth (in %) in France in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in France was 69.54% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to 2.42% in France .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in France in 2015 

  • Human health & social work activities 14.69%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 12.77%
  • Manufacturing 12.21% 
  • Public administration & defence 9.20%
  • Education 7.54% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in France in 2015:  

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 7.17%
  • Cleaners and helpers 6.19%
  • Science & engineering associate prof. 5.87% 
  • Sales workers 5.76%
  • Teaching professionals 4.79%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in France:

  • Administrative & support activities 23.97%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 23.70%
  • Education 12.40% 
  • Human health & social work activities 11.91% 
  • Financial & insurance activities 11.84% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in France over the period 2015-2025:

  • Cleaners and helpers 1,516,635
  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 1,049,273
  • Sales workers 707,209
  • Teaching professionals 590,391
  • Business & administration professionals 550,258

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in France (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in France (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in France (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in France compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE