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Germany

Germany is the EU’s largest economy. It has a strong manufacturing base – especially in the automotive sector – with several German companies numbering amongst the world’s leading manufacturers. Most employment, however, is found in the service sectors: the majority of employment is in non-marketed service, followed by the distribution and transport sector. The German economy benefits from a highly skilled workforce, with the dual system of vocational education and training considered an important pillar of Germany’s competitiveness.

Looking to the future, employment is projected to fall from its 2014 peak over the period to 2025. Most employment growth is expected in business and other services sectors and most job opportunities will be for professionals.

Germany is predicted to see an increase in demand for high-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium- and low-skilledlow-skilled workers will decrease in the medium-term future. Meanwhile, by 2025 the share of the labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increase, whilst the share of workers with low or no qualifications will decrease in the same period. The share of workers with medium level qualifications will remain at around the same level.

Germany’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to decrease in the period to 2025, with labour market participation forecast to decline but to remain above the projected EU28 average. Looking to the future, Germany is expected to maintain a higher old-age dependency ratio than the EU28 average. 

Future employment growth (in %) in Germany in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Germany was 77.96% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Germany changed by 3.67% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Germany in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 19.30%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 14.10%
  • Human health & social work activities 12.70% 
  • Public administration & defence 6.86%
  • Construction 6.77% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Germany in 2015:  

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 7.65%
  • Sales workers 7.43%
  • Health associate professionals 6.15% 
  • Numerical & material recording clerks 5.83%
  • Science & engineering associate prof. 5.09%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Germany:

  • Financial & insurance activities 15.66%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 12.74%
  • Human health & social work activities 7.57% 
  • Information & communication activities 6.60% 
  • Administrative & support activities -0.67% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Germany over the period 2015-2025:

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 1,113,932
  • Sales workers 975,435
  • Personal service workers 967,229
  • Cleaners and helpers 963,270
  • Health associate professionals 928,921

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Germany (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Germany (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Germany (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Germany compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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