Print Page Share & Print

Greece

Agriculture, the maritime industry and tourism are important sectors of the Greek economy. Unemployment in Greece has risen markedly in recent years due to the financial crisis, and it is difficult to predict the short- and medium-term prospects for employment or economic growth.

Skills forecasts for Greece predict that demand for high- and low-skilled workers, and to a lesser extent medium-skilled workers, will all rise in the coming years. Looking forward to 2025, the share of the labour force with high level qualifications will rise, whilst the share with medium- or low level qualifications will decrease.

Greece’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to decrease in the period to 2025, with a particular drop in the share of the workforce aged 25-34, whilst the share of the labour force aged between 55-64 and 65+ will increase significantly. Labour market participation is expected to grow. Looking to the future, Greece is expected to have a significantly higher old-age dependency ratio than the EU28 average.

Future employment growth (in %) in Greece in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Greece was 54.90% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Greece changed by -10.94% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Greece in 2015 

  • Wholesale & retail trade 18.30%
  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 12.90%
  • Manufacturing 9.26% 
  • Accommodation & food 9.02%
  • Public sector & defence 8.66% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Greece in 2015:  

  • Sales workers 12.98%
  • Farmworkers and gardeners 11.58%
  • Personal service workers 7.58% 
  • Teaching professionals 6.80%
  • Office clerks 5.26%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Greece:

  • Professional services 30.25%
  • Accommodation & food 21.06%
  • Construction 20.24% 
  • Wholesale & retail trade 11.51% 
  • Administrative services 10.66% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Greece over the period 2015-2025:

  • Farmworkers and gardeners 307,253
  • Sales workers 142,516
  • Personal service workers 98,824
  • Drivers & vehicle operators 78,939
  • Cleaners and helpers 76,029

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Greece (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Greece (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Greece (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Greece compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE