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Italy

Italy is among those Member States in which the manufacturing sector - associated with the production of niche and luxury products - still makes up a considerable share of its economy, particularly in the north and centre of the country. The economy is characterised by a marked north-south divide, with GDP per head being much higher in the northern regions. Employment dropped in almost all sectors during the economic crisis, notably in manufacturing and construction. However, employment in business and other services continued to grow. Unemployment in Italy is relatively high compared to other EU Member States.

Looking to the future, it is projected that most employment growth will be in business and other services over the period to 2025, and most job opportunities will be created for professionals. Overall employment is forecast to reach its pre-crisis 2008 level by 2020 and continue to increase thereafter.

Italy is forecast to experience an increase in demand for highly- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers will decrease over the medium-term future. Meanwhile, by 2025, the share of Italy’s labour force with high- and medium level qualifications is projected to increase, whilst the share of workers with low or no qualifications will decrease in the same period.

Italy’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to grow in the period to 2025, with labour market participation declining and remaining at a level below the projected EU average. Looking to the longer-term future, Italy’s old-age dependency ratio is expected to remain steadily above the EU28 average.

Future employment growth (in %) in Italy in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Italy was 60.53% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to -0.59% in Italy .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Italy in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 18.35%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 14.22%
  • Human health & social work activities 8.00% 
  • Arts, recreation, and other activities 7.86%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 6.89% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Italy in 2015:  

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 8.02%
  • Sales workers 7.67%
  • Teaching professionals 5.34% 
  • General & keyboard clerks 5.32%
  • Personal service workers 5.04%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Italy:

  • Administrative & support activities 29.69%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 19.35%
  • Human health & social work activities 11.39% 
  • Education 10.42% 
  • Public administration & defence 8.84% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Italy over the period 2015-2025:

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 1,191,095
  • Teaching professionals 770,959
  • Cleaners and helpers 720,043
  • Hospitality, retail & other services managers 609,359
  • Building & related trades workers 559,826

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Italy (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Italy (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Italy (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Italy compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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