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Poland

The service sector is the largest employment sector in the Polish economy, although the industry sector is also relatively large. Industrial activities include shipbuilding and the production of fertilisers and petrochemicals, machine tools, electrical machinery, electronics, and cars. There is a general view that the labour market needs to become more flexible if the economy is to increase its growth potential.

Looking to the future, employment will not have recovered to its pre-2008 financial crisis level by 2025. In this period, most employment growth will be in transport and distribution, and most job opportunities for professionals. Poland is expected to experience an increase in demand for high-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium- and low-skilled workers is set to decrease. Meanwhile, the share of Poland’s labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increase, whilst the share of workers with medium, low or no qualifications is expected to fall.

Poland’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to drop slightly in the period to 2025, with labour market participation remaining at almost the same level. Poland, like many other Member States, faces an ageing population; over the longer-term future, Poland’s old-age dependency ratio will be amongst the highest in the EU. This will increase the demand for training by the economically active population, which in turn will require expansion of the training system.

Future employment growth (in %) in Poland in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Poland was 67.76% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to 3.35% in Poland .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Poland in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 19.32%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 14.48%
  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 11.50% 
  • Education 7.66%
  • Construction 7.50% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Poland in 2015:  

  • Skilled agricultural workers 9.41%
  • Sales workers 8.43%
  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 6.04% 
  • Drivers & mobile plant operators 5.58%
  • Building & related trades workers 5.32%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Poland:

  • Construction 22.03%
  • Administrative & support activities 21.43%
  • Transport & storage 20.97% 
  • Information & communication activities 18.21% 
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 9.35% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Poland over the period 2015-2025:

  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 473,457
  • Building & related trades workers 376,548
  • Skilled agricultural workers 343,858
  • Business & administration professionals 292,475
  • Health professionals 223,166

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Poland (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Poland (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Poland (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Poland compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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