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Portugal

Plans are afoot in Portugal to improve the operation of the labour market, including the skills supply system. There is on-going work to modernise VET so that it is better able to meet demand from the labour market. In order to promote skills development, both the initial education and adult training systems have been identified as in need of further improvements.

By 2025, employment levels will still be below their pre-2008 financial crisis levels. Over the medium term, employment growth will be concentrated in business and other services, with most employment opportunities being for professionals. In this period, Portugal is set to experience an increase in demand for high- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers will decrease. The share of Portugal’s labour force with high- and medium level qualifications is projected to increase, whilst the share of workers with low or no qualifications will decrease.

Portugal’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to shrink in the period to 2025. Labour market participation is also set to decline, although is expected remain above the EU average. Looking further forward, Portugal is expected to have one of the highest old-age dependency ratios in the EU28.

Future employment growth (in %) in Portugal in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Portugal was 69.14% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to -4.04% in Portugal .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Portugal in 2015 

  • Manufacturing 16.91%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 15.44%
  • Human health & social work activities 8.89% 
  • Education 8.35%
  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 7.53% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Portugal in 2015:  

  • Sales workers 7.32%
  • Business & administration assoc. prof. 5.94%
  • Teaching professionals 5.11% 
  • Cleaners and helpers 4.79%
  • Stationary plant & machine operators 4.36%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Portugal:

  • Real estate, professional & related activities 22.37%
  • Accommodation & food service activities 17.01%
  • Administrative & support activities 16.27% 
  • Wholesale & retail trade 9.50% 
  • Information & communication activities 8.25% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Portugal over the period 2015-2025:

  • Subsistence agricultural workers 193,999
  • Skilled agricultural workers 158,137
  • Cleaners and helpers 151,293
  • Sales workers 130,470
  • Hospitality, retail & other services managers 114,729

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Portugal (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Portugal (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Portugal (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Portugal compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE