Print Page Share & Print

Romania

Romania has experienced a fall in the number of wage-earning employees since the beginning of the century. This has been explained with reference to high rates of inactivity recorded by the working-age population, the large number of people working in subsistence farming, and the outward migration of labour (mostly to elsewhere in the EU), bringing about a loss of human capital. Similarly, the extent of early school leaving also has affected the competitiveness of Romania’s human capital.

Looking to the future, there will be modest employment growth, but employment levels in 2025 are expected to remain below their pre-2008 financial crisis levels. Most employment growth over the medium-term will be in the distribution and transport sector, and most job opportunities will be for skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers.

In the period to 2025 Romania is forecast to increase its demand for high- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers decreases. Meanwhile, the share of Romania’s labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increase sharply as the share of the labour force with medium qualifications falls.

Romania’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to shrink in the period to 2025, with labour market participation rising. Looking further forward, Romania is expected to have an old-age dependency ratio at a similar level to the EU28 average over the coming decades.

Future employment growth (in %) in Romania in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Romania was 66.03% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to 0.08% in Romania .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Romania in 2015 

  • Agriculture, forestry & fishing 25.59%
  • Manufacturing 18.18%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 13.46% 
  • Construction 7.46%
  • Transport & storage 5.57% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Romania in 2015:  

  • Skilled agricultural workers 19.98%
  • Sales workers 7.31%
  • Drivers & mobile plant operators 6.11% 
  • Metal, machinery & related trades workers 5.22%
  • Building & related trades workers 4.70%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Romania:

  • Administrative & support activities 50.28%
  • Real estate, professional & related activities 41.90%
  • Accommodation & food service activities 16.89% 
  • Human health & social work activities 14.99% 
  • Transport & storage 12.45% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Romania over the period 2015-2025:

  • Skilled agricultural workers 1,690,464
  • Agricultural, forestry and fishery labourers 421,537
  • Drivers & mobile plant operators 158,095
  • Personal service workers 153,648
  • Legal, social & cultural professionals 130,659

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Romania (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Romania (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Romania (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Romania compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE