Industry and construction comprise about one quarter of the Slovenian economy, with services - especially financial services - accounting for the largest share of output. The economy is dependent upon trade, primarily with other EU countries.
Looking to the future, employment levels are projected to return to their pre-2008 financial crisis levels by 2025. Employment growth over the period to 2025 is expected to be mainly in business and other services, with most job opportunities being for professionals.
A particular problem the economy faces is the relatively high levels of unemployment amongst highly-qualified young people. The share of Slovenia’s labour force with high level qualifications is projected to increase in the period to 2025, whilst the share of workers with medium, low or no qualifications will decrease in the same period. Over this time, Slovenia is forecast to experience an increase in demand for high- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers decreases.
Slovenia’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to increase in the medium-term future, with labour market participation expected to fall. Looking further into the future, Slovenia’s old-age dependency ratio is expected to rise until 2050 and fall thereafter.