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Spain

Agriculture and tourism are important sectors for the Spanish economy, and the country has also been one of the leaders in the production of technologies to harness renewable energy. Unemployment is amongst the highest in the EU, and the labour market continues to pose a number of challenges for the education and training system; VET policy measures have been taken to improve employability (and self-employment in particular) of young people and the long-term-unemployed by improving their skills and qualifications.

Looking to the future, employment is projected to rise over the period to 2025, but to remain below its pre-2008 financial crisis level. Employment growth will be mainly in the distribution and transport sector (mainly in hotels and catering), with most job opportunities for service and sales workers.

Spain is forecast to experience a significant increase in demand for highly skilled workers, whilst the demand for medium- and low-skilledlow-skilled workers will also increase to a lesser extent. Meanwhile, by 2025, the share of the labour force with high- and medium level qualifications is projected to increase, whilst the share of workers with low or no qualifications is set to decrease in the same period.

Spain’s working-age population (15-64) is projected to decrease in the period to 2025, with labour market participation forecast to fall. Looking forward, Spain’s old-age dependency ratio is expected to grow until 2050 then decline in the following decades.

Future employment growth (in %) in Spain in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in Spain was 61.97% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in Spain changed by -3.01% compared to 2.07% in EU .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in Spain in 2015 

  • Wholesale & retail trade 16.35%
  • Manufacturing 12.45%
  • Accommodation & food 8.42% 
  • Health & social care 8.07%
  • Arts & recreation 7.95% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in Spain in 2015:  

  • Sales workers 8.64%
  • Personal service workers 8.11%
  • Cleaners and helpers 6.30% 
  • Office associate professionals 5.59%
  • Teaching professionals 5.25%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in Spain:

  • Accommodation & food 17.00%
  • Arts & recreation 16.94%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 14.15% 
  • ICT services 13.15% 
  • Energy supply services 11.21% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in Spain over the period 2015-2025:

  • Personal service workers 695,779
  • Cleaners and helpers 584,144
  • Office associate professionals 529,996
  • Customer clerks 512,742
  • Sales workers 465,652

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in Spain (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in Spain (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in Spain (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in Spain compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE