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United Kingdom

Financial services, pharmaceuticals, petroleum, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications and other technological industries all play important roles in the UK economy. Nonetheless, skill shortages currently exist in sectors such as medicine, health, social work, science, secondary education teaching, IT/computing, engineering and certain other specialist, technical and arts occupations. The number of job roles requiring intermediate and higher skills and education is rising in the UK, and it is expected that it will become even more important to possess these specialist skills in the coming years to qualify for a more technologically advanced labour market.

Employment levels passed their pre-2014 financial crisis levels in 2013/14 and are expected to continue to rise. Most employment growth over the period to 2025 is projected to be in construction and in business and other services, with most job opportunities being for professionals.

In this period, the UK can expect to see an increase in demand for high- and low-skilled workers, whilst demand for medium-skilled workers declines. Meanwhile, the share of the UK’s labour force with high- and medium level qualifications is projected to increase, and the share of workers with low or no qualifications to decrease.

The working-age population (15-64) is forecast to grow in the period to 2025, with falling labour market participation. Looking to the future, United Kingdom is expected to have an old-age dependency ratio significantly lower than the EU28 average.

Future employment growth (in %) in United Kingdom in 2015-2025 across sectors

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employment rate

The employment rate indicates the percentage of people in employment over the population aged 20-64.

 

In 2015 the employment rate in United Kingdom was 76.85% compared to 70.00% in EU

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2015 the size of employment in EU changed by 2.07% compared to 6.23% in United Kingdom .

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Sectors with the largest share in employment in United Kingdom in 2015 

  • Health & social care 13.29%
  • Wholesale & retail trade 13.05%
  • Education 10.51% 
  • Manufacturing 9.61%
  • Professional services 8.05% 

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Occupations with the largest share in employment in United Kingdom in 2015:  

  • Care workers 6.65%
  • Sales workers 6.31%
  • Office professionals 6.27% 
  • Office associate professionals 6.23%
  • Teaching professionals 4.72%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Sectors expected to have the strongest employment change over the period 2015-2025 in United Kingdom:

  • Administrative services 18.01%
  • Professional services 17.66%
  • Arts & recreation 8.87% 
  • Accommodation & food 8.59% 
  • Health & social care 8.05% 

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment needs

The additional number of people who will be required to work in an occupation given projected changes in employment and replacement demands. 

Occupations expected to have the largest numbers of job openings in United Kingdom over the period 2015-2025:

  • Hospitality & retail managers 1,171,445
  • Office professionals 1,076,941
  • Office associate professionals 927,510
  • Technical managers 926,722
  • Technical labourers 913,800

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Employment share of occupations (%) in United Kingdom (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population

Shows the total number of employed people of any age.

 

Education profile (%) of the working age population in United Kingdom (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Age profile (%) of the working age population in United Kingdom (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Working-age population

Measures the total number of people of working age (i.e. 15-64).

 

Future employment growth (% change) across occupations in United Kingdom compared to EU in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

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