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Manufacturing

Employment in the manufacturing sector involves activities that for the most part are concerned with transforming materials, substances, or components into new products - in other words, making goods. The raw materials that go into the manufacturing process are drawn from agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining or quarrying, as well as products from other manufacturing activities. Substantial alteration, renovation or reconstruction of goods is also a manufacturing activity.

The output of a manufacturing process may be finished in the sense that it is ready for use or consumption, or it may be semi-finished in that it becomes an input for further manufacturing processes.

Manufacturing includes a wide range of economic activity including, amongst other things, the manufacture of food and drink products, textiles, clothing, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computers and electrical equipment, metals, vehicles (e.g. cars, trains and ships), furniture, etc.

Future employment growth (in %) in manufacturing sector across countries in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

In 2015, the share of manufacturing in total EU employment was 15.39%.

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

The countries with highest employment share of manufacturing in 2015 were:

  • Czech Republic 27.31%
  • Slovakia 24.68%
  • Slovenia 23.40%
  • Hungary 21.41%
  • Bulgaria 19.71%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

The occupations with the largest numbers of people employed in manufacturing in 2015 in EU were:

  • Metal, machinery & related trades workers 4,770,956
  • Stationary plant & machine operators 4,158,167
  • Science & engineering associate prof. 3,150,321
  • Food, garment, wood and other related workers 3,113,340
  • Labourers (mining, construction, manufacturing, transport) 1,940,235

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

In the period 2015-2025, employment for manufacturing in EU is projected to change by -3.92%

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Occupations employed in the sector in EU in 2015

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

Employment share (%) in manufacturing sector across countries in 2015

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in manufacturing sector in EU by education level (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in manufacturing sector in EU by age (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE