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Health & social care

The human health & social care sector includes the provision of health and social work activities. This includes a wide range of activities, such as health care provided by trained medical professionals in hospitals and other facilities, residential care activities that still involve a degree of health care activities, and social work activities without any involvement of health care professionals.

The human health sub-sector includes hospitals, general or specialty medical, surgical, psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals, sanatoria, medical nursing homes, asylums, mental hospital institutions, rehabilitation centres, etc. It also includes medical consultation and treatment by general practitioners and medical specialists and surgeons, and dental practices.

The residential care sub-sector includes the provision of residential care combined with either nursing, supervisory or other types of care as required by the residents. The social work sub-sector includes the provision of a variety of social assistance services directly to clients (excluding accommodation services, except on a temporary basis).

Future employment growth (in %) in health & social care sector across countries in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

In 2015, the share of health & social care in total EU employment was 10.85%.

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

The countries with highest employment share of health & social care in 2015 were:

  • Denmark 17.40%
  • Finland 16.60%
  • Netherlands 15.52%
  • Sweden 15.19%
  • France 14.69%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

The occupations with the largest numbers of people employed in health & social care in 2015 in EU were:

  • Health professionals 5,127,520
  • Care workers 5,112,752
  • Health associate professionals 4,691,812
  • Cleaners and helpers 1,456,891
  • Legal & social associate professionals 1,187,101

LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

In the period 2015-2025, employment for health & social care in EU is projected to change by 7.83%

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Related indicators

Occupations employed in the sector in EU in 2015

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

Employment share (%) in health & social care sector across countries in 2015

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in health & social care sector in EU by education level (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in health & social care sector in EU by age (2011-2015 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE