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Wholesale & retail trade

This sector includes both the wholesale and retail sale (i.e. sale without transformation) of any type of goods. Wholesaling and retailing are the final steps in the distribution of merchandise. Also included is the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles. Wholesale is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, business-to-business trade, resale to other wholesalers, etc. Examples of wholesalers include wholesale merchants, industrial distributors, exporters, importers, cooperative buying associations, etc.

A wholesaler will often assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, and repack and redistribute in smaller lots. Retailing is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods – often referred to as consumer goods - mainly to the general public for personal or household consumption via shops, department stores, stalls, mail-order houses, door-to-door sales persons, etc. 

Future employment growth (in %) in wholesale & retail trade sector across countries in 2015-2025

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

Key facts

SIZE OF EMPLOYMENT

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

In 2016, the share of wholesale & retail trade in total EU employment was 14.01%.

RECENT HISTORY

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

During the period 2011-2016, the employment level of wholesale & retail trade in EU changed by 3.86%.

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

The countries with highest employment share of wholesale & retail trade in 2016 were:

  • Cyprus 17.93%
  • Greece 17.91%
  • Lithuania 17.16%
  • Bulgaria 16.82%
  • Spain 16.09%

TOP PERFORMERS

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

The occupations with the largest numbers of people employed in wholesale & retail trade in 2016 in EU were:

  • Sales workers 13,717,259
  • Office associate professionals 2,352,136
  • Metal & machinery workers 1,876,850
  • Technical labourers 1,539,170
  • Accounting clerks 1,503,783

LOOKING TO THE FUTURE

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Future employment growth

Projected changes in employment to 2025 (this indicator contains overall percentage change).

In the period 2015-2025, employment for wholesale & retail trade in EU is projected to change by 4.07%

Featured indicator

Related indicators

Occupations employed in the sector in EU in 2016

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Employed population by occupation and sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by occupation and sector.

Employment share (%) in wholesale & retail trade sector across countries in 2016

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in wholesale & retail trade sector in EU by education level (2011-2016 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

Employment in wholesale & retail trade sector in EU by age (2011-2016 comparison)

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Employed population by sector

It shows the total number of employed population, of any age, broken down by sector.

FIND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES THROUGHOUT EUROPE