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Matching Skills and Jobs

Matching Skills and Jobs provides a series of indicators on skills and labour market mismatches. Skills related indicators allow you to gauge the extent of under-utilisation of skills, under-skilling or skills obsolescence among employees in the EU. For example the under-utilization of skills means that employees report that they have higher skills that required to perform their current job. Other indicators refer to labour market mismatches such as the long-term unemployment rate or number of young people not in employment, education or training.

Weak employment demand in Europe is increasing competition for jobs and people are more willing to accept jobs which do not match their level of qualification. Matching Skills and Jobs aims to highlight and capture such mismatches in the European labour market.

Skills under-utilisation (%) across countries in 2014

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Skills under-utilisation

Adult employees whose skills are under-utilised at work.


The countries with the highest level of under-skilling in 2014 were:

1. Estonia (14.9%)
2. Lithuania (11.5%)
3. Latvia (10.3%)
4. Finland (10.2%)
5. Malta (9.6%)

 


The countries with the highest level of higher education mismatch of young tertiary graduates in 2014 were:

1. Cyprus (39.2%)
2. Spain (39.2%)
3. Ireland (38.0%)
4. Greece (36.6%)
5. Bulgaria (32.2%)

The countries with the highest level of skills obsolescence in 2014 were:

1. Estonia   (73.1%)
2. Czech Republic (68.2%)
3. Slovenia (65.0%)
4. Lithuania (64.3%)
5. Romania (62.9%)

The countries with the highest level of skills under-utilisation in 2014 were:

1. Austria  (53.8%)
2. United Kingdom (50.7%)
3. Greece (47.3%)
4. Germany (45.0%)
5. Ireland (43.4%)

The countries with the highest rate of under-skilling at hiring in 2014 were:

1. Estonia    (40.3%)
2. Lithuania (37.1%)
3. Latvia (35.9%)
4. Slovakia (34.7%)
5. Czech Republic (33.6%)

The countries with the highest rate of NEETs in 2014 were:

1. Italy (22.1%)
2. Bulgaria (20.2%)
3. Croatia (19.3%)
4. Greece (19.2%)
5. Cyprus (17.0%)

The five countries with highest rate of long-term unemployment in 2014 were:

1. Greece (73.5%)
2. Slovakia (70.2%)
3. Bulgaria (66.5%)
4. Italy (60.8%)
5. Portugal (59.7%)

 

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Related indicators

Educational mismatch (%) by age group 25-34 for high educational level possessed across countries in 2014

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Higher education mismatch

Share of young tertriary education graduates not employed as managers, professionals or associate professionals.

Skills obsolescence (%) across countries in 2014

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Skills obsolescence

Proportion of adult employees expecting several of their skills to become outdated.

Under-skilling (%) across countries in 2014

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Under-skilling

Proportion of under-skilled adult employees.

Under-skilling at hiring (%) across countries in 2014

Source:Cedefop
Indicator:Under-skilling at hiring

Proportion of adult employees who at the time of hiring were under-skilled.

NEET rate by age group 15-24 across countries in 2014

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Young persons neither in employment nor education or training

The percentage of 15-24 aged people not in employment, nor education nor training over the 15-24 population.

Long-term unemployment rate across countries in 2014

Source:Eurostat
Indicator:Long-term unemployment rate

The long-term unemployment rate indicates the percentage of people unemployed for 12 months or longer over total unemployment.

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