This section focuses on young people living in households with very low work intensity (defined as less than or equal to 20 % of a person’s work potential during the preceding year) [1]. People living in such households are more likely to be exposed to social exclusion.

In 2014, 9.8  million young people (aged 15-29) in the EU-28 were living in households with very low work intensity, which corresponds to 11.5 % of the total young population (see Figure 8). This proportion increased slightly compared with 2006 (10.0 %), with the lowest rates over this nine-year period recorded in 2008 and 2009 (both 8.6 %). Among the EU-28 Member States, Ireland (24.1 %), Greece (20.9 %), as well as Denmark and Spain ( both 18.3 %), recorded the highest rates, while Romania (5.0 %), Luxembourg (5.1 %), and Lithuania (5.5 %) had the lowest. Compared with 2006, in 2014 the rate tripled in Spain and Cyprus. It doubled over this time period in Greece, Ireland and Portugal. The opposite trend was observed in Poland, Germany and Lithuania, where the highest decreases occurred (Figure 9).

As shown in Table 6, in 2014 the proportion of young people (aged 16-29) living in a parental household with very low work intensity was over 12.0 % in the United Kingdom, Portugal, Italy, Belgium and Spain, while Greece and Ireland reported the highest rates (23.4 % and 24.4 % respectively). As regards young people not living with their parents, Ireland, Bulgaria and Denmark had the highest proportions of young people living in households where the work intensity was low, with rates above 18.0 %. Comparing the age groups, the proportion of young people living in a low work intensity household decreased in the older age groups for those not living with parents; the rate remained stable or increased for young people living with their parents. A different pattern was observed in Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Sweden, Austria and Italy where, among those not living in the parental household, the rate of young people aged 25-29 living in low work intensity households was higher than the rate for those aged 16-19.