On 1 December 2016 the European Commission launched the Digital skills and jobs coalition, a new flagship initiative bringing together all stakeholders and Member States committed to reduce the digital skills gaps in Europe.

Collecting data on digital skill needs and skill gaps in EU workplaces, Cedefop's European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey provides unique insights into the impact of digitalisation and changing technologies on the future of work and anticipated skill mismatches.

In the eighth ‘insight from the survey’, Cedefop expert Konstantinos Pouliakas examines implications of the ‘Rise of the machines’ for the EU skills landscape. He shows that about 43% of EU employees have experienced a recent change in the technologies they use at work, putting about 11% of the EU adult workforce at a high risk of technological skills obsolescence. Yet, he argues that “concerns about widespread automation and robotisation may not materialise into a jobless world. Ultimately the future of work should depend on human acumen that will complement, and not be replaced by, artificial intelligence”.

Continued policy efforts such as the EU Digital skills and jobs coalition, but also national level initiatives that invest in the development of the digital skills of EU citizens are crucial so that individuals remain complements rather than substitutes of robots.