This commentary describes the context of the wider OECD study, outlines the main features of the Swedish postsecondary VET system, and compares its main features with those of other countries. It then provides a brief assessment of the main strengths of the system, and the policy challenges which need to be addressed in Sweden. This commentary was prepared using a standard methodology. The Swedish authorities provided a background report (Ministry of Education and Research Sweden, 2013) following which an OECD team made a visit to Sweden in February 2013, where the team discussed issues arising with a range of policy makers, stakeholders and staff and students in training institutions.