Cedefop country report
In 2017, Cedefop and the ILO agreed to update the country studies produced for the report Skills for Green Jobs: A Global View (2011). Cedefop updated reports for six EU countries (Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Spain, France and the UK).
Report Executive summary
In recent years, Estonia has invested substantially in reforming its skills anticipation process, including the newly launched System of Labour Market Monitoring and Future Skills Forecasting (OSKA). That has both improved the involvement of stakeholders and created a systematic process for skills anticipation. However, green economy, green skills and green jobs are not explicitly part of the system and are developed horizontally. In Estonia, green jobs and green skills are spread between different economic sectors and policy areas and there is no coherent training approach or framework. Coherence between skills development policies, environmental and climate change policies has not radically improved in recent years (as this has not been the priority); therefore, no comprehensive and systematic linkages (e.g. goals, activities, measures) between them are in place. Basic coordination of any policy area is ensured by the fact that priorities in higher-level horizontal development plans and strategies must be included or followed in lower level documents; in practice though, inclusion and linkages between policies may be weak. Despite the lack of formal definitions, various documents and expert opinions suggest that the OSKA system is the solution for identifying specific green skills and jobs needed in different sectors.