This report covers developments since Cedefop’s report on Skills for Green Jobs (2010). It presents evidence on changes in the green economy, employment and skills, and the main legislative changes and their drivers.
Since 2010, employment levels in low carbon and environment jobs in the United Kingdom (UK) have been significant and this is anticipated to continue to grow. Policy has shifted its focus onto new environmental technologies, new ways of working and ‘greener consumption’. The main legislative change has been The Energy Act 2013 (TSO, 2013) (3); it is the main driver for the green economy. Attempts have been made to understand the size and performance of those services, products and technologies which contribute to the green economy. Whilst definitions are developing, research has evidenced significant growth in activities, output and employment in activities contributing to a green, low carbon economy.
There are no national active labour market programmes that focus on developing skills for green jobs/the green economy. There are, however, some charitable/not-for-profit organisations that offer labour market programmes, which create green jobs and support people to develop green skills. It is important to note that trade unions are playing a greater role in supporting the workforce and the transition to a greener economy.